Grayson, D. A. (1987). Can categorical and dimensional views of psychiatric illness be distinguished? British Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 355-361.
Meehl, P. E. (1992). Factors and taxa, traits and types, differences of degree and differences in kind. Journal of Personality, 60, 117-174.
Blashfield, R. K., Sprock, J., Haymaker, D., & Hodgin, J. (1989). The family resemblance hypothesis applied to psychiatric classification. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 492-497.
Frances, A., Widiger, T., and Fyer, M. R. (1990). The influence of classification methods on comorbidity. In J. D. Maser and C. R. Cloninger (Eds.), Comorbidity of mood and anxiety disorders (pp. 41-59). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Kendler, K. S., Neale, M. C., Kessler, R. C., Heath, A. C., & Eaves, L. J. (1992). A population-based twin study of major depression in women: The impact of varying definitions of illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 716-722.
Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316-336.
Hirschfeld, R. M., Klerman, G. L, Clayton, P. J., & Keller, M. B. (1983). Personality and depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 993-998.
Roberts, J. E., Gotlib, I. H., & Kassel, J. D. (1996). Adult attachment security and symptoms of depression: The mediating roles of dysfunctional attitudes and low self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 20, 310-320.
Vrendenberg, K., Flett, G. L., & Krames, L. (1993). Analog versus clinical depression: A clinical reappraisal. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 327-344.
Hooley, J. M., & Teasdale, J. D. (1989). Predictors of relapse in unipolar depressives: Expressed emotion, marital distress, and perceived criticism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 229-235.
Horowitz, L. M., Locke, K. D., Morse, M. B., Waikar, S. V., & Dryer, D. C. (1991). Self-derogations and the interpersonal theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 68-79.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1987). Sex differences in unipolar depression: Evidence and theory. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 259-282.
Russell, J. A. (1980). A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1161-1178.
Claridge, G., McCreery, C., Mason, O., Bentall, R., Boyle, G., Slade, P., and Popplewell, D. (1996). The factor structure of 'schizotypal' traits: A large replication study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 35, 103-115.
Eysenck, H. J. (1992). The definition and measurement of psychoticism. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 757-785.
Gray, J. A., Feldon, J., Rawlins, J. N. P., Hemsley, D. R., & Smith, A. D. (1991). The neuropsychology of schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 14, 1-84.
Walker, E. F., & Diforio, D. (1997). Schizophrenia: A neural diathesis-stress model. Psychological Review, 104, 667-685.
Dohrenwend, B. P., & Egri, G. (1981). Recent stressful life events and episodes of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 7, 12-23.
Dohrenwend, B. P., & Shrout, P. E. (1985). "Hassles" in the conceptualization and measurement of life stress variables. American Psychologist, 40, 780-785.
Dohrenwend, B. P., Shrout, P. E., Egri, G., & Mendelsohn, P. S. (1980). Measures of nonspecific psychological distress and other dimensions of psychopathology in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 1229-1236.
Dohrenwend, B. P., Shrout, P. E., Link, B., Martin, J., and Skokol, A. (1986). Overview and initial results from a risk-factor study of depression and schizophrenia. In J. E. Barrett (Ed.), Mental disorder in the community: Progress and challenges. New York: Guilford.
Roberts, J. E., & Gotlib, I. H. (1997). Social support and personality in depression: Implications from quantitative genetics. In G. R. Pierce, B. Lakey, I. G. Sarason, & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Sourcebook of social support and personality (pp. 187-214). New York: Plenum.
Gillhan, J. E., Reivich, K. J., Jaycox, L. H., and Seligman, M. E. P. (1995). Prevention of depression in schoolchildren: Two year follow-up. Psychological Science, 6, 343-351.
Jessor, R., Turbin, M. S., & Costa, F. M. (1998). Protective factors in adolescent health behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 788-800.
Weise, R. E., Blehar, M. C., Maser, J. D., & Akiskal, H. S. (1996). Competence models in adult psychopathology: A report on a National Institute of Mental Health workshop. Psychotherapy, 33, 61-67.
Last modified September 1999
Visited times since November 2001
Home to Personality Courses
Home to Great Ideas in Personality